The rites of hajj are performed over five or six days beginning on the eighth and ending on the thirteenth day of dhu al hijjah the last month of the islamic calendar. Mecca city located in the sirat mountains in western saudi arabia inland from the red sea coast.
It is the site of the kabah which is the holiest site in islam the central focus of the hajj pilgrimage and the direction of muslims daily prayers.
Pilgrimage to mecca islam. Every year scores of devout muslims from around the globe make the trip to mecca saudi arabia to perform one of the five pillars of islam hajj. The annual pilgrimage to islams holiest site. In islamic terminology hajj is a pilgrimage made to the kaaba the house of allah in the sacred city of mecca in saudi arabia.
The city is located 70 km 43 mi inland from jeddah in a narrow valley 277 m 909 ft above sea level and 340 kilometres 210 mi south of medinaits population in 2012 was 2 million although visitors more than triple this number every year during the ajj pilgrimage held in the twelfth muslim lunar month of. This holy journey is called the hajj in arabic. Hajj is above all a spiritual pilgrimage an act of worship towards god.
Hajj literally means to continuously strive to reach ones goal the hajj or pilgrimage to mecca is a once in a lifetime obligation for those who have the physical and financial ability to undertake the journey. It is also a moment of excitement in the muslim world a factor of unity and exchange among muslims around the world. Mecca is also the birthplace of muhammad.
The hajj is a real pilgrimage a journey with rites and rituals to be done along the way. Muslims face mecca during their daily prayers and one of the key tenets of islam is a pilgrimage to mecca at least once in a muslims life known as hajj. Hajj refers to a muslims pilgrimage to mecca and is one of the five pillars of islam.
The hajj is essentially a re enactment of the rituals of the great prophets and teachers of faith. Mecca to which muslims turn five times a day during prayer is the most important sacred place in the muslim world. At this moment in mid august 15 million people from dozens of countries around the world are in mecca saudi arabia to perform the hajj the islamic religious pilgrimage.
Approximately two million muslims arrive in mecca during the last month of the islamic calendar for the hajj. You begin at a place just outside mecca called the miqat or entry station to the hajj. Pilgrims symbolically relive the experience of exile and atonement.
While a visit to mecca is beneficial any time of the year it must take place during the month. Mecca also spelled makkah is a city in the hejazi region of saudi arabia. At least once in his or her lifetime each muslim is expected to undertake this pilgrimage the sacred city of islam.