In islamic terminology hajj is a pilgrimage made to the kaaba the house of allah in the sacred city of mecca in saudi arabia. Millions of people make a pilgrimage to mecca every year.
They will circle islams most sacred site the cube shaped kaaba in mecca and take part in a series of rituals intended to bring about greater humility and unity among muslims.
Pilgrimage to mecca is important for the followers of islam. Muhammad destroyed all but two that of the virgin mary and that of christ. It needs to be noted that arabs had been making the pilgrimage to mecca to the enormous granite kaaba the old shrine at the center of the city for hundreds possibly thousands of years before islam to pay tribute to these 360 gods represented inside the kaabas walls. Mecca is also the birthplace of muhammad.
The rites of hajj are performed over five or six days beginning on the eighth and ending on the thirteenth day of dhu al hijjah the last month of the islamic calendar. The hajj is a real pilgrimage a journey with rites and rituals to be done along the way. According to islamic tradition muhammad started to receive divine messages in 610 ad and started to preach monotheism to believers of animism.
Mecca city located in the sirat mountains in western saudi arabia inland from the red sea coast. Importance of the pilgrimage to mecca as described in the quran making the pilgrimage to mecca is one of the five pillars of islam instituted by allah. Over 2 million muslims from around the world are beginning the five day hajj pilgrimage on friday.
In 630 ad muhammad conquered mecca and destroyed all 360 idols at the kaaba and rededicated the building to allah. It is the site of the kabah which is the holiest site in islam the central focus of the hajj pilgrimage and the direction of muslims daily prayers. In this sense hajj is carried out for the love of god and to be forgiven for all his past sins in this sacred place that is the most important in the muslim world.
You begin at a place just outside mecca called the miqat or entry station to the hajj.