Mecca is also the birthplace of muhammad. Esposito phd georgetown university the hajj is one of the five pillars of islam and is probably the most well known among non muslims.
It is the site of the kabah which is the holiest site in islam the central focus of the hajj pilgrimage and the direction of muslims daily prayers.
Pilgrimage to mecca history. Four thousand years ago the valley of mecca was a dry and uninhabited place. The hajj is the fifth of the fundamental muslim practices and institutions known as the five pillars of islam. Hajj also spelled adjdj or hadj in islam the pilgrimage to the holy city of mecca in saudi arabia which every adult muslim must make at least once in his or her lifetime.
Pilgrimage to mecca according to muslims is part of one of the fundamental aspects of faith one of the pillars of islam which are faith profession alms prayer fast and pilgrimage. The hajj consists of a five day excursion required by all physically and financially able muslims to mecca and the nearby holy sites of arafat mina and muzdalifah. Mecca city located in the sirat mountains in western saudi arabia inland from the red sea coast.
Once there pilgrims perform a series of rituals to unify themselves with other believers absolve themselves of their sins and pay tribute to god. The city is located 70 km 43 mi inland from jeddah in a narrow valley 277 m 909 ft above sea level and 340 kilometres 210 mi south of medinaits population in 2012 was 2 million although visitors more than triple this number every year during the ajj pilgrimage held in the twelfth muslim lunar month of. Next year at the direction of muhammad abu bakr led 300 muslims to the pilgrimage in mecca.
Inside mecca is a 2003 national geographic documentary film by anisa mehdi that offers an intimate documentation of the annual pilgrimage to mecca. Mecca also spelled makkah is a city in the hejazi region of saudi arabia. Ive read once but i dont recall where anymore that the hajj that is the annual pilgrimage to mecca had an important non religious consequence in medieval times namely the fast spread of new.
That is why every year 3 million of pilgrims go to the city to carry out their major follow up or hajj during the muslim month of du i hiyya. Prayers during hajj at the grand mosque in mecca saudi arabia. Muslims believe the prophet ibrahim abraham was instructed to bring his wife hajira.
Aside from providing insight regarding the. Muhammad then cleansed the kaaba by destroying all the pagan idols and re consecrated the building to allah. The pilgrimage rite begins on the 7th day of dhu al.
The present pattern of the hajj was established by islamic prophet muhammad who made reforms to the pre islamic pilgrimage of the pagan arabs. History history of the hajj. Mecca was conquered by the muslims in 630 ce.
The pilgrimage to mecca in saudi arabia. Every year more than 2 million believers representing a tremendous diversity of cultures and.