Mecca also spelled makkah is a city in the hejazi region of saudi arabia. And it has become arabias most important place.
There are two good reasons.
Pilgrimage to mecca before islam. Mecca was conquered by the muslims in 630 ce. It is a trading post on the caravan route from the indian ocean to the mediterranean. In islamic terminology hajj is a pilgrimage made to the kaaba the house of allah in the sacred city of mecca in saudi arabia.
The town of mecca in a rocky valley with no agricultural resources develops in the centuries immediately preceding islam into a place of considerable prosperity. Mecca is also the birthplace of muhammad. Mecca city located in the sirat mountains in western saudi arabia inland from the red sea coast.
The rites of hajj are performed over five or six days beginning on the eighth and ending on the thirteenth day of dhu al hijjah the last month of the islamic calendar. Next year at the direction of muhammad abu bakr led 300 muslims to the pilgrimage in mecca. Unlike the hajj pilgrimage the umrah can be done every two months of the year.
However it is recommended to do so during the month of ramadan. Once a year muslims of every ethnic group colour social status and culture gather together in mecca and stand before the kaaba praising allah together. Before islam it was a ritual of mecca to rain around the kabyl betyl.
Muhammad then cleansed the kaaba by destroying all the pagan idols and re consecrated the building to allah. It is the site of the kabah which is the holiest site in islam the central focus of the hajj pilgrimage and the direction of muslims daily prayers. The city is located 70 km 43 mi inland from jeddah in a narrow valley 277 m 909 ft above sea level and 340 kilometres 210 mi south of medinaits population in 2012 was 2 million although visitors more than triple this number every year during the ajj pilgrimage held in the twelfth muslim lunar month of.
Muhammad destroyed all but two that of the virgin mary and that of christ. The annual hajj pilgrimage one of the five pillars of islam predates the faith by centuries tracing its roots to the biblical patriarch abraham revered by muslims as a prophet and the first. The present pattern of the hajj was established by islamic prophet muhammad who made reforms to the pre islamic pilgrimage of the pagan arabs.
It needs to be noted that arabs had been making the pilgrimage to mecca to the enormous granite kaaba the old shrine at the center of the city for hundreds possibly thousands of years before islam to pay tribute to these 360 gods represented inside the kaabas walls.